The Book of Mormon is a sacred text that was published in March 1830 by Joseph Smith, Jr. According to Smith, the book is originally written in an otherwise unknown language called “reformed Egyptian” on golden plates and it should be of similar importance as the Bible. Smith said he has received these plates in 1827 from an angel named Moroni, who identified himself to Smith as a Native American, which wrote a part of the book for over a thousand years ago. According to Smith this ancient Moroni buried the plates in a hill near Smith’s home in Manchester, New York. From the books introduction:
The book was written by many ancient prophets by the spirit of prophecy and revelation. Their words, written on gold plates, were quoted and abridged by a prophet-historian named Mormon. The record gives an account of two great civilizations. One came from Jerusalem in 600 b.c. and afterward separated into two nations, known as the Nephites and the Lamanites. The other came much earlier when the Lord confounded the tongues at the Tower of Babel. This group is known as the Jaredites. After thousands of years, all were destroyed except the Lamanites, and they are among the ancestors of the American Indians.
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