The Prince by Nicolo Machiavelli is often referred to as the foundation of political philosophy. Nicolo Machiavelli was born on 3 May 1469 in the Republic of Florence in what is today the middle of Italy. He worked as a senior official in the Florentine Republic. At that time Italy was divided into a large number of republics or principalities who more than often were at war with each other. Machiavelli wrote the book as a guide, based on many actual and recent examples, to uphold and maintain power as a ruler in a hostile political environment. The means described to this involves the use of spies, killing of innocents and use of violence to maintain power, quite similar to the advice of his fellow political thinker Thomas Hobbes. Machiavelli has been attributed to the term “The ends justify the means”, and this book has given us the word Machiavellian to describe unscrupulous politicians. Machiavelli was not only a political theorist, but he also wrote comedies, carnival songs, and poetry. Critics of The Prince have argued that since every ruler must have known about ruthless political tactics from their education, The Prince must have been a disclosure of these techniques for the general public..